About Our Profession and the Clinic
Millennium Health Centre
The Millennium Health Centre is a progressive clinic founded in Cornwall, Ontario in 2001 by naturopathic doctors Dr. Stephen F. Jones and Dr. Valerie Franc. It continues to date under the direction of Dr. Jones with his associate Dr. Kim Oxbro, a Board of Directors member of the Ontario Association of Naturopathic Doctors.
The clinic seeks to offer patients the most advanced medical diagnostic testing available to find and treat the actual cause of a patient's condition, rather than masking the symptom with medications. To that end, the clinic offers an extensive array of services and continues to expand these services so that its patients have access to the most up to date treatment options available. From intravenous therapies for cancer to allergy testing for bowel health concerns, the doctors at Millennium Health Centre are able to provide individual treatment plans that take into account the patient's unique medical history, life circumstances and existing medications. See our 'Services' page, 'Articles' page and 'Conditions' page for more information.
Located in a central and easily accessed facility, the Millennium Health Centre is Cornwall's first and only naturopathic medical clinic. Its doctors are the only licensed and legitimate 'naturopaths' in the region. Patients are encouraged to read the 'Naturopathic Training and Education Requirements', as well as the 'Accreditation and Government Regulation' sections of this site to better understand who is a 'Naturopath' and how to protect yourself from those attempting to imply that they are 'Naturopaths' when they, in fact, are not a 'Naturopath' and are not licensed health professionals.
Check out our Location Page for driving directions should you wish to attend the clinic, or call for any needed information. Our toll-free number is 1-888-674-9765 and our local number is (613) 932-4734.
Millennium Health Centre Office Locations|
121 Cornwall Centre Rd,
Cornwall, Ontario, K6K 1K6
(adjacent to Elegance College)
Tel: (613) 932-4734
Fax: (613) 932-5095
Naturopathic Training and Education Requirements
Admittance to an accredited naturopathic medical school requires the same educational requirements as 'conventional' medical schools. Candidates must already have an 'undergraduate' university degree and have completed all mandatory 'pre-medical' courses during their university study. Such 'pre-med' courses include biochemistry, organic chemistry, physics, psychology etc. Like all medical schools, many facets of the candidate's resume are considered in addition to their university study and grades. Volunteer work, personal achievements (etc.) are all considered in the desire to accept only those candidates who demonstrate academic, as well as social, achievement.
Once accepted into the 'graduate' program, naturopathic medical studies encompass a minimum of 4,500 hours of academic and clinical training over 4 years. The program can only be done full-time and is only offered through accredited medical schools (only one in Canada - in Toronto, the Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine - with one school working towards accreditation in Vancouver, B.C.).
The medical studies include all 'conventional' medical courses inclusive of anatomy (with human cadaver dissection), pathology, differential diagnosis, pharmacology, laboratory diagnosis, minor surgery and more. On top of the 'basic' medical curriculum, naturopathic medical courses are also studied throughout the four years. Such courses include Traditional Chinese Medicine (including acupuncture), 'Pharmacognosy' (like pharmacology, the study of how plants work to heal the body), clinical nutrition (the dietary factors which can cause a particular condition and the dietary changes required to heal a condition), therapeutic counseling, spinal manipulation (as with chiropractic manipulations), physical medicines (basic physiotherapy techniques) and homeopathy. A clinical internship comprising 1,500 hours of supervised clinical patient care must be completed in order to graduate.
Unlike 'conventional' medical programs, naturopathic medical students must complete two levels of licensing examinations (vs. one set at the end of medical school). These examinations are written at the end of the second year of study (to allow a student to continue into third year), as well as at the end of the fourth year. The second year examinations are in all conventional medical sciences including anatomy, microbiology, physiology, pathology etc. The fourth year examinations comprise some 15 examinations over four days. The grueling examinations, both written and practical, focus on applied clinical practice and jurisprudence and are standardized for both the U.S.A. and Canada (except for the local jurisprudence).
Upon successful completion of all licensing examinations, as well as their graduate studies, candidates must apply for licensure as a Naturopathic Doctor with their provincial or state regulatory body. These are the governmentally appointed regulators who ensure that a candidate has completed all academic requirements to hold the title of 'N.D.' (ie. Naturopathic Doctor) and who also provide police and reference checks to ensure that the public is protected. They are the equivalent of the College of Physicians and Surgeons for Medical Doctors, the Law Society for lawyers etc. In Ontario, this body is the Board of Directors of Drugless Therapy - Naturopathy. Appointed by the provincial government's Ministry of Health and Long Term Care, they monitor N.D.s to ensure that they comply with continuing education requirements, maintain their office and records appropriately and investigate any public complaints. Their job is to protect the public by ensuring a standard of care for all licensed N.D.s.
Readers should note that the terms 'Naturopath', 'Naturopathic Doctor' and / or 'Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine' are all the same. That is to say somewhat can not be a 'Naturopath' and not have completed the education described above. In eastern Ontario, a belief exists that some people (with less education) can be a 'Naturopath', while those with the above education are 'Naturopathic Doctors'. Such is NOT the case and the public should ensure that anyone using the title(s) of 'Naturopath', 'Naturopathic Doctor' and / or 'Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine' are truly licensed practitioners. Read the following section, contact the regulatory agency and PROTECT YOURSELF.
Accreditation and Government Regulation
There are currently 4 accredited and 1 non-accredited (the school, in British Columbia, is involved in the process to become accredited) naturopathic medical schools in Canada and the United States. The Counsel of Naturopathic Medical Education in Eugene, Oregon is responsible for accrediting these schools and setting the content for licensing examinations.
In Canada, the Canadian College of Naturopathic Medicine (C.C.N.M.) in Toronto, Ontario is currently the only accredited naturopathic medical school in the country. The school is currently involved in a complicated governmental process to become a degree-granting institution. When completed, this will allow for further developments and funding to the education of potential naturopathic doctors.
The regulation and licensure of Naturopathic Doctors (N.D. - also known as 'Naturopaths') is currently at a somewhat complicated state, with differences existing from province to province in Canada (as well as state to state in the U.S.A.). In Canada, where health care is administered by the provincial governments, not all provinces have licensure or regulation for N.D.s. The provinces with regulation of N.D.s (meaning a governmentally appointed regulatory body that licenses and monitors legitimate N.D.s) include British Columbia, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Alberta and Nova Scotia (pending). Each province's regulatory body defines the 'scope of practice' for N.D.s in their province and this can vary from province to province. The 'scope of practice' is what treatments and/or procedures the N.D. is able to provide to patients. British Columbia has had the most expansive 'scope of practice' with N.D.s having some prescription rights (to medications like antibiotics) and the ability to perform minor surgery.
In provinces that do not have regulation or licensure for N.D.s (ie. those not listed above), the public has no way of knowing what educations or skills a person claiming to be a 'Naturopath' or 'Naturopathic Doctor' does, or does not, possess. In fact, in these provinces anyone can call themselves a 'Naturopath' or 'Naturopathic Doctor' without fear of legal reprisal. The profession does not 'exist', if you will, in these provinces. As it doesn't exist, there is no 'title protection', as there exists for 'Medical Doctors', 'Chartered Accountants' etc. 'Title protection' means that a person must have completed all educations and licensure standards in order to use a particular 'title' (such as M.D., C.A etc.). In short, the public must be very cautious in the non-regulated provinces. While a handful of 'real' Naturopathic Doctors practice in these provinces (ie. doctors who graduated from one of the accredited medical schools, passed all the licensing exams but who have no regulatory authority in which they can apply for a license to practice naturopathic medicine), very few legitimate N.D.s or 'Naturopaths' will go to these provinces (because they have no 'title', no 'scope of practice' and no way to explain to the public how they differ from the person at the health store offering 'natural health advice'). Those using the title of 'Naturotherapist', 'Doctor of Natural Medicine' do exist in these provinces and often lead the public to believe that they have a similar education, regulation and public protection as real N.D.s in licensed provinces.
In all, the public need to ensure that the person they are seeing is, in fact, a legitimate, licensed and regulated health professional. To do so, they need to contact their provincial regulatory authority. In Ontario the regulatory body for Naturopathic Doctors ('Naturopaths') can be reached at (416) 866-8383 or by visiting their website at www.BoardofNaturopathicMedicine.on.ca. This regulatory body can advise you is a person using the title of 'Naturopath' or 'Doctor of Naturopathic Medicine' is, in fact, such and holds an appropriate license to practice naturopathic medicine.
In Ontario, naturopathic doctors have been regulated since 1925 by the provincial government's Ministry of Health and Long Term Care. They have been regulated under the 'Drugless Practitioners Act' and efforts are under way to move this regulation into the 'Regulated Health Professions Act' (ie. R.H.P.A. - the same act that governs medical doctors, nurses etc.). The Ontario Liberal government introduced the 'Health Systems Improvement Act' to the provincial parliament on December 12, 2006. This act would move the regulation of N.D.s into the R.H.P.A. and is expected to pass in 2007.
Readers can visit the Ontario Association of Naturopathic Doctors (O.A.N.D.) website (see our 'Links' page) for the latest regulatory status of N.D.s in Ontario. They can use this site to link to other province's association for updates as to the regulation of N.D.s in their province.
Naturopathic Principles and Philosophy
Naturopathic philosophy is based on the vis medicatrix naturae or the healing power of nature. Naturopathic Doctors use natural therapies to promote health as well as prevent and treat disease. They treat the whole person through individualized treatment, and seek to address the cause of disease rather than simply mask symptoms. The first principle of naturopathic medicine is 'Do no harm'. As the original meaning of doctor is teacher, Naturopaths seek to motivate and educate each individual to become an active participant in their own health care. Thus each individual is able to realize optimal health in all aspects of their life including physical, mental, emotional, genetic, environmental and social.